«Society & Man» № 2(5) — 2013

Juridical Sciences

Katazhina Liaskovska
Organised criminality impact on the polish society and state

In this study, the author analyzes the concept of extremism in the current Criminal Code of Poland stand out criteria for criminalization and provides taxonomy of this type of crime. The author notes that the crimes of an extremist nature occupy a small place and are fully reflected in the current legislation.

Keywords: criminalization, crime in Poland, extremism, systematics ektremism crimes.

Jasaveev I.G.
Finnish experience in shortening the number of the convicts and its significance for the Russian Federation

A large number of prisoners in Russian prisons, closed the prison system for public organizations, the growing number of prisoners suffering from various diseases — these are the realities of modern Russian prison system. In this regard, it is interesting to Finnish experience in reducing the number of inmates and processes depenalization.

Keywords: prison system, punishment, prisoner, the number of prisoners, prison policy.

Bochkarev S.V.
Transnational constitutionalism as a type of functional constitutionalism

The author of the article examines the concept and the constituent elements of constitutionalism, noting the current trend of universalization of the constitutional rights of the individual in the context of globalization.

Keywords: constitutionalism, the types of constitutionalism, the elements of constitutionalism, globalization.

Lipinsky D.A.
Positive legal responsibility and encouraging sanctions: problems of interrelations

This article provides an analysis of the positive form of legal liability as a way to consolidate the legal responsibilities Stein compliance with legal norms that are realized in legitimate behavior of the subjects of legal responsibility, approve or Encouraging expandable and state. The author analyzes the relationship promotion of positive sanctions and enforcement of legal liability based on the acts of the application of legal responsibility. Acts of positive legal liability are classified into different groups and on various grounds.

Keywords: legal liability, sanctions positive, positive responsibility.

Enrikesh V.D.K.
Psychological and criminological aspects of the criminal personality

Автор рассматривает психологические особенности личности подростков правонарушителей, делает анализ социально-демографических признаков и криминологических данных. Анализ проводиться на материале обследования правонарушителей подросткового возраста в Республике Ангола. Обобщая полученные материалы составляется психологический портрет малолетнего преступника.

Ключевые слова: личность преступника, психология преступника, подростковая преступность, подросток-правонарушитель.

Historical sciences

Korolev A.A.
Afghan problem in the light of contemporary international relations

The article presents a comprehensive analysis of one of the major international problems — the Afghan problem. On the big stuff kontsetriruyutsya historical aspects and current status.

Keywords: geopolitics, international terrorism, location, escalation, Islamic fundamentalism, the split between civilizations, Wahhabism.

Gella T.N.
British political circles and the colonial wars of Great Britain at the end of XIX century

The article is devoted towards the leaders of the Liberal and Conservative parties of Great Britain in relation to the British colonial policy in the 70’s and 80 ‘s. XIX century. Focuses on the political debate between liberals and conservatives on the reform of the British Army and the participation of British troops in colonial wars in Africa, particularly Sudan, in the period under review.

Keywords: British Empire, liberals, conservatives, reform of the army, colonial wars, parliamentary debates, Sudan.

Livtsov V.A.
The mechanism of state influence on the Russian Orthodox Church and the World Council of Churches in the middle of the XX century

In recent years in journalism repeatedly raised the question about the use of ecumenism as a tool of Soviet foreign policy in the second half of the last century. However, historical research of the topic a little. In an article on the materials of the State Archive of the Russian Federation, and the Archive of Foreign Policy of the Russian State Archive of Contemporary History study the mechanisms of government influence on the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC), whose aim was the promotion of Soviet foreign policy doctrine in the international arena , with the help of an authoritative ecumenical organizations, argued for dialogue and rapprochement of Churches , the World Council of Churches ( WCC) . The paper described the events connected with the entry of the Russian Orthodox Church in this organization , shows the ways and methods of interaction with the Russian Orthodox Church of the WCC in the first years of its presence in the part of the Russian Orthodox Church . The paper concludes that those compromises that went under the ROC government press, partly helped her not only to maintain their structure during the years of atheistic pressure on it , but even to establish training of clergy and enhance its prestige in the international arena.

Keywords: ecumenism, the World Council of Churches, the Church, the Russian Orthodox Church, Orthodoxy.

Chuvardin G.S.
His Imperial Majesty the body as the most important instrument for shaping the military and political elite of the Russian Empire XIX-early XX centuries

The present article is devoted to one of the most important military educational institutions of the Russian Empire — His Imperial Majesty the body. The article examines the place of the body in the system of military education of the empire, its role in the training and education of military and political elite of the country. We consider the specificity of the interaction of the body as a medium, with the Court and the most prestigious parts of the Russian Imperial Guard.

Keywords: military elite, the Corps of Pages, Imperial Guard, the Imperial Court, military education.

Philological sciences

Carol J. Avins
Tempations and hazards of context: Reading babel’s «Di Grasso» in ogonek 1937

Analyzing the fi rst publication of I. Babel’s story, the author of the article refl ects on the importance of the cultural and political context of a cultural artifi cat for getting its meaning, and of the hazards of such contextualization.

Keywords: Isaak Babel, “Ogonek”, 1937, poetry, treachery, meaning of the story.

Bakina A.D.
Textual reminiscences in modern advertising

The article is conceived in hope to contribute to the exploration of the language of advertising discourse issues as well as the questions pertaining to the determination of nature, origin and usage patterns of textual reminiscences followed by a further insight into the functioning of the latter in advertisement texts.

Keywords: Аdvertising discourse, precedent phenomena, textual or historical reminiscences, quotations, intertextual relations, background knowledge.

Vsevolodova M.V.
To a question about the objective grammar

The article declared, argued and details the need for an objective of Russian grammar – that is, grammar, built on modern principles and reflect the richness of the contemporary Russian language.

Keywords: objective grammar, active grammar, the amount of material of language, comprehension and synthesis of general linguistic material, the concept of system.

Karasik V.I.
Pseudo poetic phenomenon as Lingvocultural

In the article the dysfunction of control in the management of a modern society is considered. Using concrete examples the author demonstrates the shortcomings of existing forms of control and the possible consequences of its absence.

Keywords: Pseudo poetic, expressive subcode factoid, seal point.

Kashkin V.B.
Mutual complementarity of languages ​​and versatility

The article discusses the general grounds and mutual complementarity of grammar language semantics in terms of contrastive linguistics

Keywords: comparative linguistics, the principle of subsidiarity, grammatical semantics.

Norman B.J.
The problem of ambiguity: the semantics and syntax of the verb to decide

By analyzing the semantics of Russian verb to sin, an approach to the consideration of the theoretical problem of delimitation of polysemy and homonymy in the language, based on the account of the interaction of the three cognitive models — the gestalt frame predicate-Argument structure. The lexical meaning of the word appears as a continuum, the distinction between polysemy and homonymy which appears as a conditional lexicographical problem.

Keywords: polysemy, homonymy, cognitive activity, gestalt, frame, predicate-Argument structure, semantic continuum.

Olyanich AV.
“Where winter cancers”: lingvosemiotika, glyuttonologiya and axiology of cancers in different types of text and discourse

The article describes the lingvosemioticheskie, glyuttonicheskie and axiological characteristics naturmorfnogo concept of “Cancer” study of the formation of cancer as a mental entity, especially its oyazykovleniya and dive into the discursive space, deterministic human nutritional needs. We study the patterns of the configuration language signs in glyuttonicheskuyu system that is supported by appropriate discourse and embodied in the texts of different genres.

Keywords: cancer, concept, sign, lingvosemiotika, glyuttoniya, discourse, precedent text, axiology, needs, nomination nominative sphere semiosphera.

Michael Pursglove
Breaking new Ground? Reflections on translating Turgenevs новь

The article addresses a number of translation problems which are specifi c to Turgenev’s Новь (1877). In order to do this, it examines passages translated by Constance Garnett (1896) and Rochelle Townsend (1911), the latter being the most recent translation of the novel into English. The article focuses on chapter 19 (the “Fomushka and Fimushka” chapter), which exemplifi es Turgenev’s use of diminutives, of non-equivalent words, of noms parlants and of other name-based satirical devices. The parodic verse included both in this chapter and elsewhere in the novel is discussed, and one example is translated. The implications of Turgenev’s title are examined and alternatives offered to the usual “Virgin Soil” rendition.

Keywords: Новь, Constance Garnett, Rochelle Townsend, diminutives, noms parlants; verse translation, Parody.

Sternin I.A.
Experimental description of the semantics of words

The paper describes the theoretical basis, the goals and the value created by the Center for Communication Studies of the Voronezh State University of a new type of dictionary-psycholinguistic explanatory dictionary. The examples of entries.

Keywords: psycholinguistics, psycholinguistic experiment, lexicography, dictionary definitions, the component values.

Social and political sciences

Harsiev B. M.-G.
Contemporary state of traditional family relations among the Ingush

In the current study, the author shows the role of traditional family values in the Ingush people in the difficult conditions of the historical existence. The analysis of the role of family in education and broadcasting system of values and norms of behavior.

Keywords: traditional culture, family values, family relationships, traditions Ingush.

Hautiev R.S.
Ethic and political contradictions in the North Caucasus in the context of the Osetia — Ingush conflict

The author examines the current political situation in the North Caucasus in the light of the Ossetian-Ingush conflict. Ethno-political conflict in the North Caucasus are revealed through the following aspects: geopolitical, ethnic, historical, criminogenic, religious and socio-economic.

Keywords: Ingushetia, North Caucasus, conflict, dissimilation, borders, territory, region, concept, policy, geopolitical.

Philosophical sciences

Obolensky V.B.
Philosophical aspects of the problem of “meaning”

The article discusses the various philosophical approaches to the formulation of the problem field of the concept of “meaning”, the relationship of linguistic, cognitive and pragmatic aspects.

Keywords: nature meaning​​, the idea of meaning, the meaning of symbols.

Agieva L.T.
On the issue of some moral categories of the Ingush etiquett

This article refers to the moral categories Ingush etiquette and the importance of compliance in the community.

Keywords: ethnic, ethno-etiquette, culture, traditional norms of behavior, ethnic identity, morality, the code of honor of the Ingush.